"migration in brazil: the making of multicultural society", by shari wejsa and jeffrey lesser, migration policy institute (mpi), March 29, 2018
"A drive along the Rodovia dos Imigrantes shows how much immigration has shaped modern Brazil. The winding expressway between Brazil’s Atlantic coast and the city of São Paulo follows the path taken by millions who arrived in the 19th and 20th centuries. Along the way, and in any bar in the country, Brazilians snack on kibe although few realize this croquette of bulgur and chopped meat arrived along with immigrants from the Middle East. Others read Japanese manga and practice 'New Japanese religions,' illustrating the cultural influence of the world's largest Japanese diaspora population. Brazil’s migration history also encompasses hardship and despair: slavery, racist policies, immigration restrictions, and financial strains have often burdened the lives of newcomers and their descendants, while economic crises have led many to emigrate."